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COMMUNICATOR UPDATE: May 2010
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Welcome to The Dirksen Congressional Center's Communicator–a web-based e-newsletter providing educators with news and ideas to improve the understanding of Congress: http://www.webcommunicator.org

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

    1. People Who Served in Congress
    2. Congress Defined
    3. *New* Lesson Plan: Congressional Reapportionment/Redistricting
    4. *New* Editorial Cartoons
    5. *New* Close Up Program Comments
    6. *New* Video: Update on Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill
    7. Winners: Ray and Kathy LaHood Scholarships for the Study of American Government
    8. *New** Video: Lyndon B. Johnson Signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964
    9. *New* Video: Jefferson Writes Declaration of Independence;  Whorunsgov: Elena Kagan; A More Perfect Union: An Exploration Of American Democracy; & Trivia
    10. Postscript Information

     

    1. PEOPLE WHO SERVED IN CONGRESS
      Sketches of famous and not-so-famous Senators and Representatives

    Gabaldon, Isauro (1875-1942), a Resident Commissioner from the Philippine Islands; born in San Isidoro, Nueva Ecija, Philippine Islands, December 8, 1875; attended the public schools in Tebar, Spain, and the Colleges Quintanar del Rey and Villa Nueva de la Jara, Cuenca, Spain; studied law in the Universidad Central, Madrid, Spain, and was graduated from the Universidad Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippine Islands, in 1900; practiced law from 1903 to 1906; Governor of the Province of Nueva Ecija in 1906 and 1912-1916; member of the Philippine house of representatives 1907-1911; served in the Philippine senate 1916-1919; elected as a Nationalist a Resident Commissioner to the United States in 1920; reelected in 1923 and 1925, and served from March 4, 1920, until his resignation effective July 16, 1928, having been nominated for election to the Philippine house of representatives; had also been elected in 1925 as a member of the Philippine house of representatives, but did not qualify, preferring to continue as Commissioner; died in Manila, Philippine Islands, December 21, 1942; interment in North Cemetery in Manila.


    Source:

    Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congresshttp://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=G000001

    African-Americans in Congress: 

    Image courtesy of  Moorland–Spingarn Research Center, Howard University

    Cheatham, Henry Plummer (1857-1935), a Representative from North Carolina; born near Henderson, Granville (now Vance) County, N.C., December 27, 1857; attended the public schools, and was graduated from Shaw University, Raleigh, N.C., in 1883; principal in 1883 and 1884 of the State normal school for black students at Plymouth, N.C.; moved to Henderson, N.C., and served as register of deeds of Vance County 1884-1888; studied law but did not practice; delegate to the State convention at Raleigh in 1892; delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1892 and 1900; elected as a Republican to the Fifty-first and Fifty-second Congresses (March 4, 1889-March 3, 1893); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1892 to the Fifty-third Congress; recorder of deeds of the District of Columbia 1897-1901; moved to Oxford, N.C., in 1907; superintendent of the North Carolina Colored Orphanage at Oxford from 1907 until his death; one of the founders, incorporators, and directors of the same institution, founded in 1887; president of the Negro Association of North Carolina; also engaged in agricultural pursuits and lecturing; died in Oxford, N.C., November 29, 1935; interment in Harrisburg Cemetery.

    Sources: 

    Black Americans in Congresshttp://baic.house.gov/member-profiles/profile.html?intID=19

    Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress: http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=C000340

    Women in Congress:  

    Caroline O’Day

    Image courtesy of the Library
    of Congress

    O’Day, Caroline (1875-1943), a Representative from New York; born in Perry, Houston County, Ga., June 22, 1875; attended private schools and was graduated from Lucy Cobb Institute, Athens, Ga.; studied art in Paris, Munich, and Holland; served as president of Rye (N.Y.) School Board; vice chairman of New York Democratic State committee 1916-1920; associate chairman 1923-1942; delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1924, 1928, 1932, and 1936; commissioner, State board of social welfare, 1923-1934; elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-fourth and to the three succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1935-January 3, 1943); chairwoman, Committee on Election of President, Vice President, and Representatives (Seventy-fifth through Seventy-seventh Congresses); was not a candidate for renomination in 1942; died in Rye, N.Y., January 4, 1943; interment in Kensico Cemetery, Valhalla, N.Y.

    Sources:
     
    Women in Congress: http://womenincongress.house.gov/member-profiles/profile.html?intID=189

    Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress: http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=O000033 

       


    1. CONGRESS DEFINED
      Words and phrases that describe congressional processes

    Daily Digest. A section of the Congressional Record summarizing the day’s floor and committee action in each house, with page references to the verbatim accounts of floor actions. It also lists the measures scheduled for action during each chamber’s next meeting and the announcement of upcoming committee meetings. The Digest appears at the back of each daily Record. Its pages are separately numbered and preceded by the letter D. In the bound Congressional Record, all the Daily Digests for a session are printed in a separate volume rather than with each day’s floor proceedings.

    Source:  Congressional Quarterly’s American Congressional Dictionary, 3rd edition (2001):74.

     

    1. * NEW LESSON PLAN * CONGRESSIONAL REAPPORTIONMENT/REDISTRICTING

    During our annual Congress in the Classroom® workshop –– http://www.dirksencenter.org/print_programs_CongressClassroom.htm –– participants are asked to introduce the lesson plans, resources, and techniques that have proven successful in teaching about Congress in their classrooms. A past participant presented a lesson entitled, Congressional Reapportionment/Redistricting.

    In this lesson, students will encounter some of the problems legislators face in accomplishing the goal of reapportionment.  As a group, students will answer questions about reapportioning an imaginary state.

    Find Congressional Reapportionment/Redistricting at: http://www.congresslink.org/print_lp_cong_reapportionment.htm

     

    1. * NEW * EDITORIAL CARTOONS

    The Dirksen Congressional Center recently announced additions to the Editorial Cartoon Collection project: http://www.congresslink.org/cartoons/index.htm.

    The editorial cartoons and related lesson plans will teach students to identify issues, analyze symbols, acknowledge the need for background knowledge, recognize stereotypes and caricatures, think critically, and appreciate the role of irony and humor.

    This month we have posted five new cartoons:

    We now have a total of 133 cartoons posted!

     

    1. * NEW * CLOSE UP PROGRAM COMMENTS

    The Dirksen Congressional Center and Pekin Public School District 303, Pekin, IL, award scholarships each year to students to attend the Close Up program in Washington, D.C., to get a firsthand look at American government. 
     
    The Close Up Foundation is a not-for-profit organization in its third decade of bringing students to the nation’s capital to study the democratic process.  High school students from across the country spend a week visiting legislative sessions, meeting with members of the House and Senate, visiting historical sites, and attending seminars.
     
    The Dirksen Center donates $2,000 per year to support Pekin High's participation in Close Up and has provided grant support for the program continuously since 1983.

    A dozen students from Pekin Community High School participated in the Close Up Foundation Washington DC experience in 2010. You can read reports from several of the students at: http://www.dirksencenter.org/print_programs_CloseUp.htm

     

    1. * NEW * VIDEO: UPDATE ON GULF OF MEXICO OIL SPILL

    C-SPAN officially launched the C-SPAN Video Library, a free, searchable online collection of every C-SPAN program aired since 1987.  This means teachers will now have access to over 160,000 hours of searchable digital video. You will also be able to create your own embeddable clips for lessons and presentations in your classroom.

    C-SPAN's Video Library easily equips teachers with thousands of free resources to create authentic learning experiences for students that deepen their understanding of U.S. and world history, the workings of governments, the role of the media, and current political events.

    This month we will highlight a video where Obama administration officials, a bi-partisan group of senators, and Governor Jindal briefed reporters following a tour of the BP oil spill along the Louisiana coast. Governor Jindal accused the federal government of moving too slowly to approve a plan aimed at preventing more oil from hitting the shores of Louisiana.

    Find Update on Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill at: http://www.webcommunicator.org/teacher%20topics/research.htm#VIDEO

     

    1. * NEW *  WINNERS: RAY AND KATHY LAHOOD SCHOLARSHIPS FOR THE STUDY OF AMERICAN GOVERNMENT

    James Pripusich and Thomas Sullivan, both juniors at Bradley University majoring in political science, have won the 2010 Ray and Kathy LaHood Scholarships for the Study of American Government sponsored by The Dirksen Congressional Center.

    The Ray and Kathy LaHood Scholarships for the Study of American Government provide financial support for tuition, fees, and books to juniors at Bradley University who are majoring in a discipline related to the study of the federal government. The Center sponsors the LaHood Scholarships to promote the study of politics and governance as practiced by the distinguished public servants who have represented Illinois's 18th district in Congress, a list which includes Abraham Lincoln, Everett Dirksen, Robert H. Michel and, currently, Congressman Ray LaHood.

    To learn more about the Ray and Kathy LaHood Scholarships for the Study of American Government visit: http://www.dirksencenter.org/print_scholarships_lahood.htm

     

    1. * NEW * VIDEO: LYNDON B. JOHNSON SIGNS THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964

    Signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson on July 2, 1964, the landmark Civil Rights Act outlawed discrimination and segregation. It was originally introduced in Congress by President John F. Kennedy before he was assassinated in 1963.  Among those present at the signing were Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, Senator Everett M. Dirksen, Senator Hubert H. Humphrey, and F.B.I. Director J. Edgar Hoover.

    Link to the Lyndon B. Johnson Signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964 YouTube video at: http://www.congresslink.org/civilrights/1964.htm#july

     

    1. * NEW * VIDEO: JEFFERSON WRITES DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE,  WhoRunsGov: ELENA KAGAN, A MORE PERFECT UNION: AN EXPLORATION OF AMERICAN DEMOCRACY & TRIVIA

    * VIDEO: JEFFERSON WRITES DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE * (3:43)

    In this Founding Fathers video, discover that from the moment Thomas Jefferson entered the second Continental Congress, he was part of the radical side, which John Adams loved; this seemed to be the fundamental source of their bonding.

    Link to the Jefferson Writes Declaration of Independence video at: http://www.congressforkids.net/games/declofindep_1/2_declofindep.htm

     

    *  WhoRunsGov: ELENA KAGAN *

    On April 9, 2010, Justice John Paul Stevens announced that he would retire after nearly 35 years on the bench of the U.S. Supreme Court. President Obama announced the nomination of Solicitor General Elena Kagan to replace Stevens on May 10, 2010. This is President Obama's second nomination to the nation's highest court, following his selection of Justice Sonia Sotomayor in May 2009. Notably the first female Solicitor General and first female dean of Harvard Law School, if Kagan is confirmed she will also be the fourth woman to serve on the Court.

    Published by The Washington Post Company, WhoRunsGov offers profiles of government decision-makers that anyone can edit. Contributors can use their name, or not, and all information is reviewed by their editorial team before publishing.

    Find WhoRunsGov: Elena Kagan at: http://www.congressforkids.net/games/judicialbranch_justices/2_justices.htm

     

    * A MORE PERFECT UNION: AN EXPLORATION OF AMERICAN DEMOCRACY *

    This site was developed by teens in Arkansas and Kentucky.  An entry in the 1999 ThinkQuest Internet Challenge, the site looks at some of the basic elements of democracy, potential problems democracy faces, solutions from multiple viewpoints, and various sociologists’ views on government. 

    Find A More Perfect Union: An Exploration of American Democracy at: http://www.congressforkids.net/games/Democracy/2_democracy.htm

     

    * TRIVIA *

    What three words did George Bush say before "no new taxes" in 1988?
     
    *Find the answer in next month's issue.

    Answer to April 2010’s Fun, Facts, and Trivia: http://www.webcommunicator.org/classroomresources/funfactstrivia_ans0410.htm

     

    1. POSTSCRIPT INFORMATION

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